8:1,2 The psalmist seeks to give unto God the glory due to his name. PSALMS RESOURCES Commentaries, Sermons, Illustrations, Devotionals. You just need to get out of the way and let people see it! We can scarcely find more fitting words than those of Nehemiah, "Thou, even thou, art Lord alone; thou hast made heaven, the heaven of heavens, with all their host, the earth, and all things that are therein, the seas, and all that is therein, and thou preservest them all; and the host of heaven worshippeth thee." “All sheep and cattle, yes, and the animals of the field, the birds of the sky, the fish of the sea, and whatever passes through the paths of the seas” (vv. Perhaps it was while David was attending sheep on a clear night with the stars brightly shining that he picked up his Gittith, a stringed instrument in the shape of a wine press, and began to strum and chant these amazing words of the Psalm â¦ Now, consider but the scope of the Psalm, as the apostle quoteth it to prove the world to come. I will sing of your majesty above the heavens. to silence enemy and avenger. This document has been generated from XSL (Extensible Stylesheet Langua ge) source with RenderX XEP Formatter, version 3.7.3 Client Academic. A Psalm of David.It indicates the audience of the psalm (the Chief Musician), the author of the psalm (of David) and the sound of the psalm (the instrument of Gath). 1 Why do the nations protest. Now, consider but the scope of the Psalm, as the apostle quotes it to prove the world to come. You have put all things under his feet: 7 All sheep and cattle, and crowned him with glory and honor. California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Gittith, was probably a musical instrument used at their rejoicings after the vintage. 1 Lord, our Lord, how majestic is your name(A)in all the earth! ), Mounce’s Complete Expository Dictionary of Old and New Testament Words (Grand Rapids:Â Zondervan, 2006), Renn, Stephen D., Expository Dictionary of Biblical Words: Word Studies for Key English Bible Words Based on the Hebrew and Greek Texts (Peabody, Massachusetts: Hendrickson Publishers, Inc., 2005), Richards, Lawrence O., Encyclopedia of Bible Words (Zondervan, 1985, 1991), Sakenfeld, Katharine Doob (ed. All the Psalms to which this term is prefixed [Psalm 8:1; Psalm 81:1; Psalm 84:1] are of such a character. (C) 2 Through the praise of children and infants. Take all the monarchs in the world, they never conquered the whole world; there was never any one man that was a sinner that had all subject to him. Yon Alps, that lift their heads above the clouds And hold familiar converse with the stars, Are dust, at which the balance trembleth not, Compared with His divine immensity. who hast set thy glory above the heavens." “From the lips of babes and infants you have established strength, because of your adversaries, that you might silence the enemy and the avenger” (v. 2).Â Yahweh has established strength through the agency of people with no powerââbabes and infants.Â Infusing them with strength, he uses them to silence enemies and those who seek revenge. How illustrious is the name of Jesus throughout the world! against the LORD and against his anointed one: * b. Psalm 16 2 Commentary; Psalm 16 11 Meaning; Psalm 17 Commentary. Psalms 8:1 Context. The countless myriads of terrestrial beings, from man the head, to the creeping worm at the foot, are all supported and nourished by the Divine bounty. "To the Chief Musician upon Gittith, a Psalm of David." It must be meant of another therefore, one that is able to still this enemy and avenger. He is ours, for he made us, protects us, and takes special care of us. I will keep thy statutes, v. 8. The World English Bible is based on the American Standard Version (ASV) of the Bible, the Biblia Hebraica Stutgartensa Old Testament, and the Greek Majority Text New Testament. 1 Yahweh, our Lord, how majestic is your name in all the earth, The affirmation that Yahweh has crowned humankind with glory and honor further confirms that the correct translation for verse 5a (above) is “For you have made him a little lower than God”âânot “a little lower than the angels.”. Yahweh’s name is majestic/glorious both in earth and above the heavens.Â The earth reveals his majesty in the seas and mountains, the trees and flowers, the flora and fauna, which he created.Â The heavens reveal his glory in the sun, moon and stars, which he also created. So Christ is the principal subject of this Psalm, and it is interpreted of him, both by our Lord himself ( Matthew 21:16 ), and by his holy apostle ( 1 Corinthians 15:27 Hebrews 2:6-7 ). He is ours, for he made us, protects us, and takes special care of us. The noun ‘enos (man) means human rather than male.Â As used here, it suggests insignificance (see also Job 7:17). David begins with the exclamation, âO Lord, our Lord, how majestic is Your name in all the earth, who have displayed Your spleâ¦ In these examples, the stewards exercised great power, but were answerable to the landlord or the Pharaoh and were expected to manage wisely.Â Likewise, Yahweh has appointed us to exercise dominion over the created order, but along with the privilege comes responsibility for wise and caring management. As the apostle adds in this passage, "He hath ascended up far above all heavens; and he gave some apostles." Earth's ponderous wheels would break, her axles snap, If freighted with the load of Deity. The vintage closed the civil year of the Jews, and this Psalm directs us to the latter day glory, when the Lord shall be King over all the earth, having subdued all his enemies. You have set your r glory above the heavens. Words really canât do it justice. Commentary on Psalms - Volume 1 by John Calvin. Psalm 8 is a psalmic interpretation of creation, comparable to Genesis 1-2 and Job 38-41. Psalm 8:1-4. They are detached from the world, and they lift us above it. We need not wonder at this, for no heart can measure, no tongue can utter, the half of the greatness of Jehovah. But as the skilful potter much excels The vessel which he fashions on the wheel, Even so, but in proportion greater far, Jehovah's self transcends his noblest works. “that you care for (Hebrew: paqad) him?” (v. 4b).Â The verb paqad (care for) means to pay attention or visit or search out.Â Regardless of which meaning we assign to paqad in this verse, Yahweh takes the initiative to interact with humans.Â The only explanation for his proactive stance toward humans is that he cares for usââloves usââacts as a loving parent would act:Â Guiding, nurturing, rewarding, punishingââalways helping us to be all that we can be. You have set your glory(B) in the heavens. Division. Psalm 8 Commentary: Psalm 8 is a reflective or meditative psalm. In this psalm David speaks of the glory of God, and how the glory of man and his destiny reflect upon God. It is true the Lord hath fairly writ his name, And set his seal upon creation's brow. There were no babes in the time of Adam's innocency, he fell before there were any. “For you have made him a little lower than God” (Hebrew: elohim) (v. 5a).Â The noun elohim means a god or gods (Note the small g).Â When used in in the plural to refer to Yahweh, it means that Yahweh sums up all that is godly. “When I consider your heavens, the work of your fingers, the moon and the stars, which you have ordained; (Hebrew: kun) what is man (Hebrew: ‘enos), that you think of him?Â What is the son of man (Hebrew: ben ‘adam), that you care for (Hebrew: paqad) him?” (vv. ), The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, 5 vol. 8:1-2 O Lord, our Lord, how excellent is thy name in all the earth, And that he doth it, I prove by Psalms 8:6 - - it is the observation that Beza hath -- "One in a certain place," quoting David. It sees nature in the simplicity of her great elements, and it sees the God of nature invested with the high attributes of wisdom and majesty.". no words can express that excellency; and therefore it is left as a note of exclamation. ), which the WEB has updated. We are not clear upon the meaning of the word Gittith. 2. The birth, life, preaching, miracles, suffering, death, resurrection, and ascension of Jesus are known through the world. Both mean small children but the first denotes those who are somewhat the older of â¦ How then can I declare him? Poole, in his annotations, has well said, "It is a great question among interpreters, whether this Psalm speaks of man in general, and of the honour which God puts upon him in his creation; or only of the man Christ Jesus." Some think that it is meant as an objection that the apostle answereth; but it is indeed to prove that man fallen cannot be meant in Psalms 8:1-9 . The believing heart is ravished with what it sees, but God only knows the glory of God. Descend, if you will, into the lowest depths of the ocean, where undisturbed the water sleeps, and the very sand is motionless in unbroken quiet, but the glory of the Lord is there, revealing its excellence in the silent palace of the sea. CONTENT DISCLAIMER: The Blue Letter Bible ministry and the BLB Institute hold to the historical, conservative Christian faith, which includes a firm belief in the inerrancy of Scripture. Psalm 8 reveals that those suffering at the hands of evil forces are those made in the image of God and valued highly by their creator. 1 (To the chief Musician upon Gittith, A Psalm of David.) NASB (UPDATED) TEXT: PSALM 8:1-2 1 O Lord, our Lord, How majestic is Your name in all the earth, Who have displayed Your splendor above the heavens! the moon and the stars, which you have ordained; 4 what is man, that you think of him? Parkhurst, Jr. Hebrews 2:5 . because of your adversaries, that you might silence the enemy and the avenger. Hebrews 2. The mind abandons itself to reverie, and is transferred in the ecstasy of its thought to distant and unexplored regions. We see not yet all things put under his feet, but we are sure that the Word of God shall be fulfilled, and every enemy, Satan, death, and hell, shall be for ever subdued and destroyed, and creation itself delivered from the bondage of corruption into the glorious liberty of the children of God. 3 âLet us break their shackles. No, my brethren, it was too great a vassalage for Adam to have the creatures thus bow to him. 3 with the mouths of babes a and infants.. You have established a bulwark * against your foes,. O Jehovah our Lord! Read full chapter. Proud member
(Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1979-1988), Brown, Francis; Driver, S.R. Secondly, it is not meant of man fallen, that is as plain; the apostle himself saith so. Some think it refers to Gath, and may refer to a tune commonly sung there, or an instrument of music there invented, or a song of Obededom the Gittite, in whose house the ark rested, or, better still, a song sung over Goliath of Gath. 2. (General Editor), New International Dictionary of Old Testament Theology & Exegesis, 5 vol., (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1997). And indeed, and in truth, Christ himself interprets the Psalm of himself; you have two witnesses to confirm it, Christ himself and the apostle. Second paragraph 3. Ps. And indeed it was Beza that did first begin that interpretation that I read of, and himself therefore doth excuse it and make an apology for it, that he diverts out of the common road, though since many others have followed him. Second, this psalm is the only hymn in the Psalter spoken entirely to God. The word “glory” (kabod) is used in the Bible to speak of God’s gloryââan aura associated with God’s appearance that reveals God’s majesty to humans.Â The psalmist says that the saints (hasidââthose who are kind, merciful, and pious) will proclaim the glory of Yahweh’s kingdom (Psalm 145:11)ââa thought that fits nicely with this verse from Psalm 8. W. Wilson, D.D., in loc. ( Job 9:8-9 .) That might be the intent hereââelohim as an understated reference to Yahweh.Â If so, it means that Yahweh created humans just a bit inferior to himself.Â That Yahweh created man in his own image (Genesis 1:26-27) appears to confirm this idea. “Yahweh, our Lord, how majestic is your name (Hebrew: sem) in all the earth, who has set your glory above the heavens!” (v. 1).Â The noun sem means name or fame.Â In this instance, reputation would be a good translation.Â In that culture, as today, a person’s name referred to the essential character of the personââin this case, Yahweh. “On an instrument of Gath” (Hebrew: gittit). For the Chief Musician (Hebrew: menasseah from nasah); on an instrument of Gath (Hebrew: gittit). The ASV, which is also in the public domain due to expired copyrights, was a very good translation, but included many archaic words (hast, shineth, etc. the Lord derides them, d 5 Then he speaks to them in his anger, Commentary on Psalm 8 View Bible Text . The verb kun (ordained) means to establish or prepare.Â God established the heavens, which the psalmist identifies as “the work of your fingers,” but when reading these verses we should not lose sight of the fact that God also created humans, who are also the work of his fingers.Â Verse 5-8 will make the significance of that clear. “Yahweh, our Lord, how majestic is your name in all the earth!” (v. 9).Â The psalm ends as it beganâârhapsodizing about the name of Yahwehââdeclaring its majestyâânoting that, though Yahweh is the God of the little nation of Israel, his reputation and majesty permeate the entire earth. who hast set thy glory above the heavens. We feel withdrawn from the earth, and rise in lofty abstraction from this little theatre of human passions and human anxieties. The NRSV translates this “according to the Gittith,” which will mean nothing to most readersââbut the Hebrew word gittit or gittith has to do with a musical instrument or a tune. Verse 1. ), Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 2000), Mounce, William D., (ed. 7-8).Â This is not a comprehensive list, but simply serves to illustrate the kinds of responsibilities that God has delegated to humans.Â Animals, birds, and sea creatures constitute only a small portion of our portfolio.Â We are also responsible for trees and flowersââfor things that exist in the skies above and the soil beneath our feet. PSALM 8 * Divine Majesty and Human Dignity. and the peoples conspire in vain? (Read Psalm 8:1,2) The psalmist seeks to give unto God the glory due to his name. How Majestic Is Your Name ... 8 O L ord, our Lord, how majestic is your q name in all the earth! I do encourage you to write your own verse by verse notes and questions before reading the notes and questions below. On the instrument of Gath. What a sweetness lies in the little word our, how much is God's glory endeared to us when we consider our interest in him as our Lord. Third paragraph 4. Depths unfathomed are too shallow to express The wisdom and the knowledge of the Lord. It is very evident that the vintage was adopted as a figurative representation of the final destruction of all God's enemies. Again, Psalms 8:4 , "What is man, and the son of man?" a 2 Kings on earth rise up. he overcame Adam presently. Any one that reads the Psalm would think that the psalmist doth but set forth old Adam in his kingdom, in his paradise, made a little lower than the angels -- for we have spirits wrapped up in flesh and blood, whereas they are spirits simply -- a degree lower, as if they were dukes, and we marquises; one would think, I say, that this were all his meaning, and that it is applied to Christ but by way of allusion. 5 For you have made him a little lower than God, Above the heavens. Other translations use words like "glorious," "majestic," and "to be admired" rather than "excellent" to express the feelings generated by meditating on how God is revealed by the heavens He created! Book IV looks back to the time of Moses and the To the choirmaster: according to The p Gittith. Personal appropriation of the Lord as ours. His religion, the gifts and graces of his Spirit, his people -- Christians, his gospel, and the preachers of it, are everywhere spoken of. And with this his glory above the heavens is connected, his sending forth his name upon earth through his Holy Spirit. How excellent, etc. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. Thy glory above the heavens. God often chooses unlikely candidates to further his purposes.Â He chose: “Allow the little children to come to me! 2 Out of the mouth of babes and sucklings hast thou ordained strength because of thine enemies, that thou mightest still the enemy and the avenger. Borrow the wings of the morning and fly to the uttermost parts of the sea, but God is there. 2 Out of the mouth of babes and sucklings hast thou ordained strength because of thine enemies, that thou mightest still the enemy and the avenger. The quotation Jesus made is in Psalm 8:2, and in both places the words babes and suck-lings have about the same meaning. who has set your glory above the heavens! Most certainly I tell you, This could not be Adam, is could not be the man that had this world in a state of innocency; much less had Adam all under his feet. O LORD our Lord, how excellent is thy name in all the earth! So, as in the days of the psalmist, while the people who pledge allegiance to Yahweh constitute a decided minority, nevertheless people in all the earth can see the majesty of the Lord revealed in every facet of creationââif they will permit the Lord to cause the scales to drop from their eyes so that they might see. The psalmist uses these two Hebrew words (‘enos and ‘adam) more for poetic symmetry than for different shades of meaning.Â A favorite Hebrew poetic form is called parallelism, which is used here and throughout the psalms.Â In parallelism, two lines (occasionally more than two) repeat the same idea in different words.Â That is what is happening here. PSALM 8 OVERVIEW. Gideon and his little band of soldiers to defeat the Midianite army. Because in the first verse he saith, "Out of the mouths of babes and sucklings hast thou ordained strength." "We see not," saith he, "all things subject unto him." As Paul says, he hath "ascended up far above all heavens." Dr. Chalmers says, "There is much in the scenery of a nocturnal sky; to lift the soul to pious contemplation. The snow crowned summits fail to set Him forth, Who dwelleth in Eternity, and bears Alone, the name of High and Lofty One. God would use man to still him; alas! Now the scope of the Psalm is plainly this: in Romans 5:14 , you read that Adam was a type of him that was to come. Some think it refers to Gath, and may refer to a tune commonly sung there, or an instrument of music there invented, or a song of Obededom the Gittite, in whose house the ark rested, or, better still, a song sung over Goliath of Gath. The arrangement of the psalms into five books goes back at least to the time when the Hebrew Scriptures were translated into Greek (the Septuagint) approximately 200 B.C. That might have been easier for people of a more primitive world to appreciate than it is today.Â Now we are more likely to marvel over technological innovations and medical progressââhuman achievementsââmore than God’s creation.Â At least that is true for many of us. WORD AND PHRASE STUDY. This psalm is simply titled A Psalm of David. But the truth is, the apostle bringeth it in to prove and to convince these Hebrews, to whom he wrote, that that Psalm was meant of Christ, of that man whom they expected to be the Messiah, the Man Christ Jesus. How excellent is thy name in all the earth! Diemarturato hath testified; so we may translate it, hath testified it, etiam atque etiam, testified most expressly; he bringeth an express proof for it that it was meant of the Man Christ Jesus; therefore it is not an allusion. Then he saith, "How excellent is thy name in all the earth! O LORD, our Lord, how majestic is your name in all the earth! Unable to express the glory of God, the Psalmist utters a note of exclamation. 1 A Psalm of David. What is the son of man, that you care for him? Amen. Now in Psalms 8:1-9 , you find there Adam's world, the type of a world to come; he was the first Adam, and had a world, so the second Adam hath a world also appointed for him; there is his oxen and his sheep, and the fowls of the air, whereby are meant other things, devils perhaps, and wicked men, the prince of the air; as by the heavens there; the angels, or the apostles, that were preachers of the gospel. Verse 1. Let us adore him "who alone spreadeth out the heavens, and treadeth upon the waves of the sea; who maketh Arcturus, Orion, and Pleiades, and the chambers of the south." 21:16 These envious men called the attention of Jesus to the cries of the children as if to suggest that he stop the disturbance, but in reality as an expression of their displeasure caused by their envy. Indeed, the psalm proclaims that humans are Godâs agents on earth. Nor on earth alone is Jehovah extolled, for his brightness shines forth in the firmament above the earth. 1Â (Grand Rapids: Kregel Publications, 2012), Waltner, James H., Believers Church Bible Commentary: Psalms (Scottdale, Pennsylvania: Herald Press, 2006), Baker, Warren (ed. Read Psalm 8:2 commentary using The Treasury of David. He is ours, for he made us, protects us, and takes special care of us. Little Israel rather than mighty Egypt or Rome. PSALM 8:1-2. how majestic is your name in all the earth! Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Psalm 90 INTRODUCTION: Psalm 90 is the first psalm in Book IV of the psalms (Psalms 90-106). The first and last verses are a sweet song of admiration, in which the excellence of the name of God is extolled. First, it was not meant of man in innocency properly and principally.  Out of the mouth of babes and sucklings hast thou ordained strength because of thine enemies, that thou mightest still the enemy and the avenger. Psalms 8:1-9 KJV To the chief Musician upon Gittith, A Psalm of David. The glory of God out soaring the intellect of angels, and the splendour of heaven. Even avalanche and thunder lack a voice, To utter the full volume of his praise. Possibly both may be reconciled and put together, and the controversy if rightly stated, may be ended, for the scope and business of this Psalm seems plainly to be this: to display and celebrate the great love and kindness of God to mankind, not only in his creation, but especially in his redemption by Jesus Christ, whom, as he was man, he advanced to the honour and dominion here mentioned, that he might carry on his great and glorious work. SCRIPTURE QUOTATIONS are from the World English Bible (WEB), a public domain (no copyright) modern English translation of the Holy Bible. Many think this psalm was written upon the occasion of the entrance of the Ark of the Covenant into Jerusalem during the reign of David (2 Samuel 6). John Calvin - Psalm 8:1-2 Commentary - January 11th - YouTube The intermediate verses are made up of holy wonder at the Lord's greatness in creation, and at his condescension towards man. 1 Yahweh, our Lord, how majestic is your name in all the earth, who has set your glory above the heavens! Adam, though he was man, yet he was not the son of man; he is called indeed, "the son of God" ( Luke 3:38 ), but he was not filius hominis. HINT: Since there are such a large number of resources on this page (>10,000 links) you might consider beginning with the more recent commentaries that briefly discuss all 150 Psalms - Paul Apple (750 pages), Thomas Constable, David Guzik, Bob Utley.For more devotional thoughts consider Spurgeon's The Treasury of David, â¦ TEXT: Psalm 8:1-9. God worketh ever and everywhere. Universally is he present, and everywhere is his name excellent. Psalm 8:1; Psalm 8:2â9. Sermon or lecture upon the glory of God in creation and providence. A Psalm by David. Study the bible online using commentary on Psalm 8:2 and more! Don’t forbid them, for the Kingdom of God belongs to such as these. More specifically, it is a panegyric on human excellence (Psalm 8:4-6) couched within a pious frame (8:1a, 9). ; and Briggs, Charles A., The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon (Peabody, Massachusetts: Hendrickson Publishers, 1906, 2004), Doniach, N.S. Note the fact that even the heavens cannot contain his glory, it is set above the heavens, since it is and ever must be too great for the creature to express. and princes plot together. O LORD our Lord, how excellent is thy name in all the earth! Don’t forbid them, for the Kingdom of God belongs to such as these. 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