Psalm 110:1 is quoted 5 times in the NT -- Mk 12:36, Lk 20:42; Acts 2:34, Heb 1:13 and Heb 10:12. “But this one, after he had offered one sacrifice for sins for all time, sat down at the right hand of God, from now on waiting until his enemies are made a footstool for his feet. To Him be the glory forever. As Sir William Watson said of them, "So to the wild wolf Hate were sacrificed, The panting, huddled flock, whose crime was Christ.". The heavenly bodies are held in their orbits. 9:4; 11:17; Heb 3:14; 11:1, signifying in every instance ground of confidence or confidence. BBE: Who, being the outshining of his glory, the true image of his substance, supporting all things by the word of his power, having given himself as an offering making clean from sins, took his seat at the right hand of God in heaven; ICB: The Son reflects the glory of God. Who is the Immortal Father, Heavenly, Blest. And why should not earthly tasks be wrought to the same music? Of the worship offered him in catacombs, or in their secret meetings, amongst dens and caves, paganism was necessarily ignorant. For if the blood of goats and bulls and the ashes of a heifer sprinkling those who have been defiled, sanctify for the cleansing of the flesh, how much more will the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered Himself without blemish to God, cleanse (or "purify" - katharizo) your conscience from dead works to serve the living God? Listen to Jesus. 2Peter 1:9 For he who lacks these qualities is blind or short-sighted, having forgotten his purification from his former sins. "In Him we live, and move, and have our being (exist)" (Acts 17:28). We have never seen the sun, but only its far-traveled ray, which left its surface some few minutes before. ).Calvin's Commentaries (Heb 1:3) Oh, this is wondrous love! These two images complete each other. see note 2 Peter 3:2). (Luke 18:34). (1-3) And in his superiority to all the holy angels. 1 Now faith is the substance of things hoped for, the evidence of things not seen.. This is a study guide commentary, which means that you are responsible for your own interpretation of the Bible. AND THE EXACT REPRESENTATION OF HIS NATURE: kai charakter tes hupostaseos autou: flawless expression of the nature of God (Phillips), the express image of His person (KJV, NKJV), [the] exact expression of His essence (ALT), He is an exact copy of God's nature. By faith we understand that the worlds were prepared by the word (rhema) of God, so that what is seen was not made out of things which are visible. Some years ago, beneath the ruins of the Palatine palace, was discovered a rough sketch, traced in all probability by the hand of a pagan slave in the second century. It is thus a characteristic of that person and was a Greek idiom for a person’s features. She could only shrug her shoulders. Sinful man needed purification of sins which in the Old Testament system required a priest to carry out the purification ritual. (Ro 11:36-note). Christ's seated position at right hand of God, a place of privileged honor, is mentioned 5x in Hebrews clearly making it a key phrase (click Heb 1:3) the author wants his readers to fully comprehend. Thus the author adroitly introduces the idea of the Son, Christ Jesus, as the High Priest Who effects purification of sins by offering up the Sacrifice of His body on the Cross as a payment for man's sin. And as we consider the intimacy of that union, we are reminded of those familiar words, which tell us that though no man hath seen God at any time, yet he has been revealed in the Word made flesh. And we can sympathize with the evening hymn of the early Church, sung around the shores of the Bosphorus: Hail! MacArthur - This truth must have seemed especially remarkable to those to whom the book of Hebrews was first written. It was the custom of ancient kings in the East to place at their right hand the son whom they associated with themselves in the prerogatives of royalty. It can mean either reflected brightness, refulgence (Calvin, Thayer) or effulgence as the Greek fathers hold. The Father delights to honor Him. by Ray C. Stedman. He told them that a small hexagonal nut held the main rotor to the mast of the helicopter. Beneath His watchful eye There they stood, before the sight of God, as already existent in all their hideousness. Hebrews 12:2 fixing our eyes on Jesus, the Author and Perfecter of faith, Who for the joy set before Him endured the cross, despising the shame, and has sat down at the right hand of the throne of God. For His grace and power are such Not only does Jesus sit in the place of honor, but He occupies the place of safety. We are the priests of creation; it becomes us to gather up and express the sentiments which are mutely dumb, but which await our offering at the altar of God. Had made (4160) (poieo) can be translated make, produce, bring about or cause, referring to any external act as manifested in the production of something tangible or obvious to the senses. In what follows the author seems to live in the world of the Old Testament rather than his own. The Saviour has done much to make all men his friends, yet he has enemies. For example at Mt Sinai "the appearance of the glory (LXX = doxa) of Jehovah was like a consuming fire on the mountain top" (Ex 24:17). And the angel departed from her. God the Son spoke and created but He still speaks and sustains. If the word of His power upholds earth and heaven, surely, that same word can uphold you, poor trembling heart, if you will trust him. Hold on to Jesus -- you can be sure He is holding on to you (whether you "feel" like it or not)! The prophet Ezekiel described the departure (Ezekiel 10:4) and then foretold of the future return (Ezek 43:4, 43:5) of the glory (doxa) of Jehovah from the Temple in Jerusalem. Thus the Son's Word, the Word of God, is unlike any other word for it has an inherent power because it is God speaking. When, on the fall of man, the world was breaking to pieces under the wrath and curse of God, the Son of God, undertaking the work of redemption, sustained it by his almighty power and goodness. Click word study of dunamis. Hebrews 12:2. Vine adds that the essence of this phrase is to explain that "the Son of God is a distinct Person from the Father and yet One with Him in the Godhead. The allusion here is to the impression made by a seal on molten wax; and as the image made on the wax is the exact resemblance, though on another substance, of the die, so is Christ the exact resemblance of the Father in our human flesh. Some commentators say—and it is not an inappropriate analogy, though we must not push any analogy too far—that, as light is to the sun, so is Jesus to the glory of God. The Life of Jesus is the Life of God rendered into the terms of our human life; so that we may understand the very being and nature of God by seeing it reproduced before us, so far as it is possible, in the character and life of Jesus. It is crucial to see this chapter in relation to the argument of the book and the previous immediate context. They themselves faced savage persecution and were the humblest of people. … but now once at the consummation of the ages He has been manifested to put away sin by the sacrifice of Himself." 2Cor 9:4 (3 But I have sent the brethren, that our boasting about you may not be made empty in this case, that, as I was saying, you may be prepared) 4 lest if any Macedonians come with me and find you unprepared, we (not to speak of you) should be put to shame by this confidence. The resurrection, glorification, ascension and enthronement of Christ at the right hand of God is meant to make you confident in the hour of trial and in the hour of death that the purification of your sins is sure, real and sufficient to give you unhindered entrance into heaven. To a Jews, the description of Christ at God’s right hand would be more persuasive as a symbol of Christ’s authority and power than even the Resurrection. Just as when you look at the impression, you see exactly what the seal which made it is like, so when you look at Jesus you see exactly what God is like. Notice that this implies rest. (The Pulpit Commentary ), Wuest adds that "The word apaugasma is not preceded by the definite article, which fact makes the term highly descriptive of character or nature." 'A Jesus Nut' - By Vernon C. Grounds - A Navy pilot was describing his complex helicopter to his parents one day. The fact remains that even in the painful times, He is in control. Hebrews 11:1-3 New International Version (NIV) Faith in Action. The saints, at present, are heirs, not yet come into possession. In beholding the power, wisdom, and goodness of the Lord Jesus Christ, we behold the power, wisdom, and goodness of the Father, John 14:7; the fulness of the Godhead dwells, not typically, or in a figure, but really, in him. In Hebrews 11:1 hupostasis is like the “title-deed” idea found in the papyri. This term, as used by our Lord, and as understood by the Jews, not only signified divine relationship, but divine equality. Spurgeon - Shade your eyes, for you cannot look upon this wondrous sight without being dazzled by it. Then the LORD said, "Behold, there is a place by Me, and you shall stand there on the rock and it will come about, while My glory is passing by, that I will put you in the cleft of the rock and cover you with My hand until I have passed by. Jesus is God's glory; therefore, we see with amazing clarity that the glory of God consists not in crushing men and reducing them to abject servitude, but in serving them and loving them and in the end dying for them. He is God incarnate in man. Jesus relates to God the way the rays of sunlight relate to the sun. For it is impossible for the blood of bulls and goats to take away sins" (He 10:4-note), "but when Christ appeared as a High Priest… He entered through the greater and more perfect tabernacle (in contrast to the earthly tabernacle and the Holy of holies that the Levitical priests entered once a year on the Day of Atonement) and not through the blood of goats and calves, but through His own blood… (into) the holy place once for all, having obtained eternal redemption. If that small piece of metal ever came off, the helicopter would not be able to stay in the air but would come crashing to the ground. 39:7 ("And now, Lord, for what do I wait? 3 who is the refulgence of his glory,. Upon that ear, once familiarized with threats and scorn, let us pour the fullness of our adoring devotion. In reading it, we first hear the roar of the mob and the calm decision of the throne; and then our attention is centered on him who comes forward, bearing the divine autograph to the decree which declares him Son. The early Church held that the Son had been God's agent in creation, that in some way God had originally created the world through him. Previous – Hebrews 2:5-18. Hughes remarks that this "thought is utterly sublime but true—this glorious Cosmic Being at the apex of His splendor is praying for you and me! You see how glorious was His original—the “representation” of His Father’s person. "Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high. The Son, being one with the Father (Jn 10:30), is in Himself, and ever was, the shining forth of the glory, manifesting in Himself all that God is and does. Calvin, J. Think of it. Vincent translates, “Faith is the assurance of things hoped for.” He says that “It is the firm grasp of faith on unseen fact.”, Vincent commenting on hupostasis in Hebrews 1:3 notes that…. And fear came on all those living around them; and all these matters [rhema] were being talked about in all the hill country of Judea. They that will not yield to Him shall be broken with a rod of iron; He shall dash them in pieces like a potter’s vessel. In order to maintain and guide the universe, He only has to speak… but in order to put away our sin once for all, He had to die on the cross of Calvary. Do you need grace to make it today? High (5308) (hupselos from hupsos/hypsos = height, elevation) means elevated or lofty and was for example to refer to a mountain. Only the Messiah could sit at the right hand of Jehovah God) “Then how does David in the Spirit call Him ‘Lord,’ saying, ‘The Lord said to my Lord, ”Sit at My right hand, until I put Thine enemies beneath Thy feet” ‘? Radiance (541) (apaugasma from apaugázo = emit light or splendor in turn derived from apó = from + augázo = shine) literally means "off-flashing" and then the brightness beamed forth which describes the effulgence (from Latin effulgere = to shine forth and thus radiant splendor or brilliance emanating from an original light body), splendor or light emitted or issuing from a luminous body. God, who at various times and in various ways spoke in time past to the fathers by the prophets, has in these last days spoken to us by His Son,. Hupostasis is setting under and thus describes a support, a confidence, a steadiness, a foundation (refers to ground on which something is built = e.g., the foundation of things for which we hope in Heb 11:1 [note]). An extraordinary brightness is said to have shone forth from between the cherubim. The LORD (Jehovah) says to my Lord (Adonai): "Sit at My right hand, Until I make Thine enemies a footstool for Thy feet. If you feel as if your life is crashing down around you, remember that it’s Jesus who holds all things together—even your life. Illustrious though they were, they have receded into the shadows. In N. T., 2Cor. Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Hebrews 1:1-12 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: The author identified neither himself nor the people to whom he was writing. a prophecy ("that you should remember the words - rhema - spoken beforehand by the holy prophets and the commandment of the Lord and Savior spoken by your apostles." Many Jews had a superstitious or idolatrous respect for angels, because they had received the law and other tidings of the Divine will by their ministry. the very imprint of his being, and who sustains all things by his mighty word. Instead, he shows it to be one of the seven excellent glories of Christ. Hebrews 1:1-3 New International Version (NIV) God’s Final Word: His Son. All Rights Reserved. The hymns which have come down to us ring with the same spirit. The Psalmist quotes God as saying "It is I Who have firmly set (the earth's) pillars. We also need Jesus Christ as our Savior from sin and as Lord of our everyday lives. It is not preceded by the definite article, which makes the term highly descriptive of character or nature. Jesus then is the preeminent "Expositor" declaring the Father's glory thoroughly and particularly. He is Son in a sense altogether unique. 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